As modern means of transport become more reliable and more efficient, it becomes increasingly important that materials used in them perform well even under extreme conditions. For example, new technologies have led to higher temperatures and smaller parts in engines. Because silicones can withstand exposure to very high temperatures, salt, rain and sun rays, they are used to protect and insulate engine parts to improve vehicle safety throughout their lifetime.
Silicone-based paints and coatings are safer alternatives to traditional marine coatings and paints. By applying these silicone-based paints and coatings to hulls of ships and boats, the buildup of dirt and film is dramatically reduced, improving fuel efficiency. For large cargo ships, this improvement is particularly important since fuel consumption is quite large.
Silicones are used in shock absorbers, as well as to insulate and protect important electrical components in trains. They have made an important contribution to the development of high-speed trains that are being deployed in many parts of the world. These trains are extremely dependent on highly resistant and durable materials for electrical insulation and protection.
In aviation, silicones are used as adhesives and sealants for doors and windows which need to be properly sealed to preserve cabin pressure. Silicone is an ideal material thanks to its stability and resistance to extreme conditions.
Silicones can be found as coatings on highways, airport runways and parking garages due to their ability to withstand contraction and expansion. They also do not react with fuels, oils and cleaning solvents.
Highly durable, gastight fabrics are crucial to the performance of airbags so that they inflate with precise timing and pressure. This is why airbag fabrics are coated with silicone on the inside.
Silicone-based foams in vehicles can help protect us during crashes giving protective materials and parts better cushioning and shock absorption.